Prospects for Transmutation of Nuclear Waste and the future
Alex C. Mueller
National Institute for Nuclear and Particle Physics (IN2P3), France
Despite the tsunami-induced nuclear accident in Fukushima, many countries are planning a significant increase of the nuclear part in their energy mix because of the potential for true sustainability. On the other hand there is also a strong nuclear opposition, the longlived nuclear waste being a major concern. The concept of Partitioning & Transmutation holds the promise of a solution. It deploys fast neutron reactors, critical and accelerator-driven subcritical ones (ADS). MYRRHA is a project in Belgium, at SCK-CEN research center at Mol, for the demonstration of these technologies (and a number of additional applications). The talk introduces the general context, focuses then on the physics and technologie of transmutation and concludes with "roadmap towards MYRRHA".